Caesalpinia Pulcherrima is commonly known as Peacock Flower. It is a shrub growing to 3 m tall. The leaves are bipinnate, 20-40 cm long, bearing three to 10 pairs of pinnae, each with six to 10 pairs of leaflets 15-25 mm long and 10-15 mm broad. It is sometimes called Dwarf Poinciana due to the resemblance of its flowers and leaves to those of Gulmohar. They are botanically related but Peacock flower plant grows only to a height of about 3 meters, retains its leaves throughout the year, and blooms continuously. Flowers, which appear in clusters on long erect stems, are smaller than those of Gulmohar and have exceptionally long stamens and a prominent pistil which protrudes from the center. The most common color is red-orange, but one variety has pure yellow flowers. It can be easily propagated by seeds.
Caesalpinia Pulcherrima requires full sunlight. They need 2 - 3 times watering per week until established. They are suitable for well-drained soil.
It is a striking ornamental plant and generally used for Border, Container and Hedge/Screen.
Plants with thin leaves need daily watering and ones with thick leaves need watering 3-4 times a week. This will also depend on the season. Generally during the blooming period, plants love a lot of water. Try keeping the soil moist. During winters it is better to cut back on watering.
Keep the plants in a well drained soil with a drainage hole at the bottom. This will help to avoid over watering. Take care as to not leave stagnant water on top of the soil. Fertilise the plant once in 2-3 weeks during its blooming period. Do not fertilise it in winters.
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