Prunus cerasifera Krauter Vesuvius
Europe & Asia
Purple leaf plum tree (Prunus Cerasifera) is an ornamental tree, which is mainly popular for its rich purple or reddish foliage
Purple leaf plum tree is a small to medium size plant. The lifespan of this tree is comparatively short, as It generally lives up to 20 years on an average. It can reach a height of 25 feet, however, many of them are found in the range between 15 to 25 feet. At maturity, the tree grows to a width of 20 to 25 feet.
The ornamental purple leaf plum tree is really attractive due to its purple leaves and beautiful pale pink or white flowers. These characteristic leaves are ovate with serrated margins and grow to a length of about 1.5 - 3 inches.
The tree starts flowering early in the spring, with small, fragrant light pink or white colored flowers. Purple leaf plum tree is one of those few trees, whose blooming marks the arrival of spring. The leaves appear just after the fading of the flowers. Leaves are generally shed in the month of August and by the end of September, the tree completely loses its foliage.
Purple leaf plum trees bear small, deep red or purple colored fruits. The fruits are usually about the size of a cherry. They are edible, and can be eaten raw or used to make jam, depending on whether they are sweet or sour.
Squirrels and birds are frequent visitors to the tree to feast on these fruits
The place selected for growing Purple-leaf plum trees should be well exposed to sunlight. The trees that are grown in shady areas usually produce green and not purple leaves. Though it can withstand heat and drought to some extent, watering during summer will prove beneficial for the healthy growth of the tree.
Purple leaf plum tree can be grown in any soil type, though a rich loamy soil is preferred, and it should be moist and well drained. A slightly acidic soil is suitable for planting this tree, though it can be grown in other types of soil too.
Purple leaf plum requires little pruning to develop a strong structure. Pruning can encourage blossoming of this tree and make it more attractive. It is also important to remove the damaged and dead branches occasionally to retain the ornamental value.
It is commonly planted as an excellent choice ornamental landscaping
Plants with thin leaves need daily watering and ones with thick leaves need watering 3-4 times a week. This will also depend on the season. Generally during the blooming period, plants love a lot of water. Try keeping the soil moist. During winters it is better to cut back on watering.
Keep the plants in a well drained soil with a drainage hole at the bottom. This will help to avoid over watering. Take care as to not leave stagnant water on top of the soil. Fertilise the plant once in 2-3 weeks during its blooming period. Do not fertilise it in winters.
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