Variegated Century Plant
Although it is called the century plant, it typically lives only 10 to 30 years. It has a spread around 6-10 ft with gray-green leaves of 3-5 ft long, each with a prickly margin and a heavy spike at the tip that can pierce deeply. Near the end of its life, the plant sends up a tall, branched stalk, laden with yellow blossoms, that may reach a total height up to 25 -30 ft tall.
The plant dies after flowering, but produces suckers or adventitious shoots from the base, which continue its growth.
Agaves need full sun and gritty soil that percolates easily. They can even do quite well when potted but use an unglazed clay pot that will allow evaporation of excess moisture.
Water needs are moderate to light depending upon the heat of the season but the Cactus should be allowed to dry out before irrigation
In growing season they benefit from the application of a granulated time release fertilizer that will provide nutrient to the plant.
It is also a popular landscape plant in beach gardens
Watering needs to be done sparingly but thoroughly. Water agaves once the soil goes completely dry. Have a drainage hole so as to let the excess water drain out. Over watering can cause root rot in agave so be careful while watering them. Addition of pebbles and rocks increase the drainage capability in a container.
Agave plants need fertilising only in summers when the plant is actively growing. It is best to leave the plant alone in winters. Do not try to repot it during the winters as it does not like getting disturbed.