Central and South America
Albizia saman is commonly known as 'Rain Tree' and it is an ornamental tree. Saman is a wide-canopied tree with a large symmetrical umbrella-shaped crown. It usually reaches a height of 15-25 m and a diameter of 30 m . Its leaves fold in rainy weather and in the evening, hence the name "rain tree" and "five o'clock tree" (Pukul Lima) in Malay.
The tree has pinkish flowers with white and red stamens, set on heads with around 12-25 flowers per head.The fruit is a pod 15-30 cm long and 2.5-5.0 cm broad, containing six to twelve seeds.
Albizia saman prefers partly shade to full sunlight and moderate watering. These plants are able to succeed in most soil types, including saline but excluding cracking clay, so long as they are well drained.
Commonly planted in gardens and landscapes for shade
Plants with thin leaves need daily watering and ones with thick leaves need watering 3-4 times a week. This will also depend on the season. Generally during the blooming period, plants love a lot of water. Try keeping the soil moist. During winters it is better to cut back on watering.
Keep the plants in a well drained soil with a drainage hole at the bottom. This will help to avoid over watering. Take care as to not leave stagnant water on top of the soil. Fertilise the plant once in 2-3 weeks during its blooming period. Do not fertilise it in winters.
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