Cluster bean is an annual legume crop and one of the famous vegetable, popularly known as “Guar” in India. Cluster bean is cultivated for its green vegetables and dry pods, & as a forage crop and also cultivated for Green manure because guar planting increase subsequent crop yields,
Cluster Beans is tolerant to high temperature, which is able to grow under hot conditions and optimum temperature to obtain maximum yield is 15 to 35ºC. Cluster The plant is photo sensitive, drought and salinity tolerant. It can be grown both in arid and semi – arid condition and grows as rain fed crop requiring 300 -400mm rainfall in arid regions. The crop generally requires dry weather during maturity.
Guar is drought tolerant. The crop prefers a humidity of 60 to 70%.. Cluster beans can grown in various types of soil but it is grown best in sandy loam soils.It is tolerant to soil salinity and alkalinity. For good yield , the soil pH should be neutral i.e around 7.0
The recommended spacing is 10 -15 cm distance between two plants in a row and a distance of 45-60cm row to row.
While sowing seeds make sure the soil is damp and not wet. Water the seeds as the soil starts to dry. It should always be moist, but never wet or muddy. Do not water the seeds if the soil is already moist to the touch, as overwatering your plant can be just as harmful as underwatering.
Keep the seedling tray in bright filtered light to begin with. Slowly introduce the plant to morning sun and bring it back in before the afternoon sun sets in. In a weeks time you can put it in direct sunlight.