Cordyline fruticosa 'Chennai'
Description: Cordyline typically has leathery leaves shaped like a spear or lance with a variety of colors, including green, red, yellow, white, purple, and purplish-red.
Mini Cordyline 'Compacta' are smaller, more compact & usually have dense foliage and an upright growth habit requiring less trimming than standard varieties.
Origin: Tropical South East Asia
Height: Grows slowly upto 3-4 ft
Light: Cordyline Terminalis houseplants prefer medium light, but survive in lower light situations. Lower light slows down the growth rate of Cordyline Terminalis plant and reduces the size of new leaves. Direct sun burns the leaves of plants
Water: Over- watering causes root-rot and is the main reason Cordyline Terminalis plant die. Water the well and don't water again until the top 50% of the soil is dry. In low light, it could take up to three weeks for the soil to dry out. Brown tips on the leaves of plants indicate over-watering or too much fluoride or salt in the water. Numerous yellow leaves means the plant needs more water.
Humidity: Basic household humidity is fine for Cordyline Terminalise plants..
Temperature: Growth may cease completely below 70 F, but will resume when warmer weather returns.
Soil: Cordyline plants grow well in a loose fast-draining soil. Any good potting mix that drains well.
Fertilizer: During growing, fertilizer with slow-release fertilizer or use a 20-20-20 liquid fertilizer at half-strength every month. Iron deficiency can result in yellowing leaves between the veins treat with an iron drench.
Pests: Cordyline plants are susceptible to thrips and mealybugs.
Pruning: If the canes of a plant become long and bare at the bottom, cut the cane back to where you would like to encourage new growth. Several new stems eventually emerge below the cut and the plant looks even more interesting.
Eliminates: Their large, dark leaves suck up ammonia, formaldehyde, toluene and xylene
Caution: Cordyline plants are not considered poisonous to humans, but are extremely poisonous to dogs and cats with a #2 toxicity level.
Make sure watering is done once the soil goes dry. Although the soil can remain moist, but it should not turn soggy/wet. Having drainage hole in the pots goes a long way in ensuring there is no water stagnating on top of the soil. You can spray the plant occasionally.
Fertilise the plant once a month in summers however Don't feed any fertiliser in winters. Giving fertiliser to the plant ensures nutrients going in which keeps it healthy. Keep an eye on the leaves of the plant to know any symptoms for watering or sunlight.