Europe, Asia & North America
Peppermint, (Mentha ×piperita), strongly aromatic perennial herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The plant is a hybrid between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (M. spicata)
Mentha piperita has a strong sweetish odour and a warm pungent taste with a cooling aftertaste. The leaves are typically used fresh as a culinary herb.
The plant has square stems, stalked, smooth, dark green leaves, and blunt oblong clusters of pinkish lavender flowers. As with other mints, the plant can spread aggressively by means of stolons (underground stems).
The main active ingredient in Peppermint is Menthol, which is an organic compound that produces a cooling sensation when applied to the mouth or skin. It also acts as a mild anesthetic (which means a compound creating a reversible loss of sensation).
Mentha piperita this plant needs lots of water and it is often found naturalized by streams and ponds where the soil is rich and the drainage is good. It won’t tolerate dry conditions. While partial sun is sufficient for peppermint, planting it in full sun will increase the potency of its oils and medicinal qualities. Protect plants from hot afternoon sun
Nutrient-rich, moist soil is ideal, although mint grows in nearly any type of soil. Amend soil with organic matter, such as compost.
Sage herb is an excellent choice for xeriscaping or low water landscapes.
The ajwain plant is very easy to grow. It requires full sun & moderate water with very good drainage. Excessive water can kill the plant. Special care should be taken during monsoon.
Ajwain is a small, erect, annual shrub with soft fine hairs. It has many branches of leafy stem which has 4-6 rays of flowers head, each bearing 6-16 flowers.The fruits are small egg-shaped pods, brown-gray in color.
Ornamental foliage plant, Hedge in small garden
Centratherum punctatum, commonly called Brazilian bachelor’s button, is a tender & perennial exotic cultivated garden herb that typically grows to 12-18” tall. It is a spreading ground cover which is highlighted by a long continuous April-September bloom of fluffy, button-shaped, lavender-blue flowers (to 1” wide). Larkdaisy will spread in the garden to 2-4’ wide or more. Stems are clad with simple, coarsely-toothed, oval to elliptic, olive green to pale green leaves (each to 2-3” long) with depressed veins. Leaves are pleasantly fragrant.
Easily grown in moist, fertile, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some part shade.
Ornamental ground cover. Annual flower for sunny areas of the landscape, beds & borders
Africa and Asia
Somalata, a divine plant which was used in Somayaga . This is twinning herb with tuberous roots. It looks almost leafless as the leaves are minute, in opposite pairs, very sparsely distributed in the bare stem. Leaves are small, fleshy and lance-shaped. Flowers are borne in few-flowered umbels. Flowers are large, goglet shaped, erect, beautifully variegated with yellow, green and purple. Mouth of the tube is much wider than other parts of the flowers. The united petals are light green in the lower half, dark green in the upper half.
Since time immemorial man has been using herbs to cure common maladies and he virtually adored plants which provided him with vigor, vitality and wisdom. The plant is used by various tribal communities in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and different other parts of India.
Suited for a warm and humid climate, this thrives best in a little shades sunlight and responds well to warmth. It requires water when the soil becomes dry to touch specially during growing season and during summers. Watering should be minimal during winters.