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Africa & Asia
Kaempferia Galanga is also often called the galangal. Sand Ginger is a small, stemless perennial herb growing up to 45cm tall from a rhizomatous rootstock.This short-stemmed herb has flat, green, round leaves that measure 3-6 inches across. The white flowers (with a purple spot on the lip) are ephemeral, grow from the center of the plant, and grow to about 1 inch breadth.
In India, the root is often chewed with betel nut (Areca catechu).K. galanga is used in the folk medicines of Asia as an expectorant and carminative. A tea made of the leaves is employed for sore throat, swellings, rheumatism, and eye infections in India. The root of K. galanga is considered warm, fragrant, and pungent, and very beneficial for the lungs. It is used for cold in the chest and abdomen, vomiting, diarrhoea, intestinal parasites, and toothache.
Rich, well drained soil. Best grown in a container in a warm, sheltered and semi-shady spot. Water and feed well during the growing season
The plant is grown as an ornamental herb
The ajwain plant is very easy to grow. It requires full sun & moderate water with very good drainage. Excessive water can kill the plant. Special care should be taken during monsoon.
Ajwain is a small, erect, annual shrub with soft fine hairs. It has many branches of leafy stem which has 4-6 rays of flowers head, each bearing 6-16 flowers.The fruits are small egg-shaped pods, brown-gray in color.
Ornamental foliage plant, Hedge in small garden
Centratherum punctatum, commonly called Brazilian bachelor’s button, is a tender & perennial exotic cultivated garden herb that typically grows to 12-18” tall. It is a spreading ground cover which is highlighted by a long continuous April-September bloom of fluffy, button-shaped, lavender-blue flowers (to 1” wide). Larkdaisy will spread in the garden to 2-4’ wide or more. Stems are clad with simple, coarsely-toothed, oval to elliptic, olive green to pale green leaves (each to 2-3” long) with depressed veins. Leaves are pleasantly fragrant.
Easily grown in moist, fertile, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some part shade.
Ornamental ground cover. Annual flower for sunny areas of the landscape, beds & borders
Africa and Asia
Somalata, a divine plant which was used in Somayaga . This is twinning herb with tuberous roots. It looks almost leafless as the leaves are minute, in opposite pairs, very sparsely distributed in the bare stem. Leaves are small, fleshy and lance-shaped. Flowers are borne in few-flowered umbels. Flowers are large, goglet shaped, erect, beautifully variegated with yellow, green and purple. Mouth of the tube is much wider than other parts of the flowers. The united petals are light green in the lower half, dark green in the upper half.
Since time immemorial man has been using herbs to cure common maladies and he virtually adored plants which provided him with vigor, vitality and wisdom. The plant is used by various tribal communities in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and different other parts of India.
Suited for a warm and humid climate, this thrives best in a little shades sunlight and responds well to warmth. It requires water when the soil becomes dry to touch specially during growing season and during summers. Watering should be minimal during winters.