Onion - Pyaaj

SKU: VIHS-VEGE-SEED-ON05
filler
Rs.20
Qty.: 5 gms

Sowing Season

Winter

Type

Biennial

Product Description

To grow onions from seed, start by sprinkling seeds over a seed starting mix in a shallow container, then cover with a 1/8 inch layer of soil, followed by a humidity dome.

Allium cepa

Family

Allium

Origin

Central Asia

Description

The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season. The onion plant has a fan of hollow, bluish-green leaves and its bulb at the base of the plant begins to swell when a certain day-length is reached. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. In the autumn (or in spring, in the case of overwintering onions), the foliage dies down and the outer layers of the bulb become dry and brittle.

Environment

Growing onions requires abundant sun and good drainage, and they grow best when the soil pH ranges between 6.0 and 6.8. Raised beds or raised rows made by mounding up soil are ideal,  especially if existing soil is heavy clay.

Onions roots are shallow and not very efficient at taking up moisture, so they need a steady supply of water to grow without interruption. Although they actually recover well from drought and start growing again when watered, it is best to keep the soil consistently moist until the bulbs enlarge.

Sowing

Set plants 1 inch deep, so that their roots are well covered with soil but the top of the plant’s neck is not buried too deeply. Space plants 6 inches apart in furrows 12 inches apart.

 

Make sure your seedling tray or pot (whichever you choose) has a drainage hole in it. If you choose a pot, a 5€ pot should be fine. You can either use well drained soil or make a combination of 1 part each of cocopeat, vermiculite and perlite.

While sowing seeds make sure the soil is damp and not wet. Water the seeds as the soil starts to dry. It should always be moist, but never wet or muddy. Do not water the seeds if the soil is already moist to the touch, as overwatering your plant can be just as harmful as underwatering.

Keep the seedling tray in bright filtered light to begin with. Slowly introduce the plant to morning sun and bring it back in before the afternoon sun sets in. In a weeks time you can put it in direct sunlight.

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