South East Asia
Thai Tulsi is a tropical plant but it still dislikes direct sunlight. So, do not keep your basil plant at a spot where the sun is beating down. Indirect sunlight is best for basil plants.
Tulsi likes lots of moisture in the soil. So you need to water it at least 2 times daily in summers and once in winter. If the basil plant is out in the sun, then it needs more water than the indoor plants.
Basil needs soil that can retain moisture. That is why black soils with high amounts of clay matter are good for tulsi plants. The most basic thing you must know to care for basil plants is that they need to be in a moist soil that can keep them well supplied with water for many hours.
The plant doesn't need much fertilizer but if you want aromatic basil, then you need to give organic manure.
Once the basil plant starts sprouting flowers, not only it will its leaves lose the flavour but it will also stop growing. Prune the flowers as soon as they appear.
Siam Queen is more tender and intensely flavored than Sweet Basil. This extra-large Basil sports purple blooms on sturdy, large-leaved plants.Compact plants sport relatively small green leaves with dark purple stems and blossoms. Leaves are 2” long and plants reach 12-18” tall. Clusters of small, intensely colored deep purple flowers appear on the very top of the plant, for a highly ornamental effect
Its highly aromatic, licorice-basil aroma is more stable at high and extended cooking temperatures than other basils. Commonly used in Thai cooking as well as Italian recipes.
Superb as a container herb plant on the patio or you could try growing basil on the kitchen windowsill and in convenient containers outside the back door.
The ajwain plant is very easy to grow. It requires full sun & moderate water with very good drainage. Excessive water can kill the plant. Special care should be taken during monsoon.
Ajwain is a small, erect, annual shrub with soft fine hairs. It has many branches of leafy stem which has 4-6 rays of flowers head, each bearing 6-16 flowers.The fruits are small egg-shaped pods, brown-gray in color.
Ornamental foliage plant, Hedge in small garden
Centratherum punctatum, commonly called Brazilian bachelor’s button, is a tender & perennial exotic cultivated garden herb that typically grows to 12-18” tall. It is a spreading ground cover which is highlighted by a long continuous April-September bloom of fluffy, button-shaped, lavender-blue flowers (to 1” wide). Larkdaisy will spread in the garden to 2-4’ wide or more. Stems are clad with simple, coarsely-toothed, oval to elliptic, olive green to pale green leaves (each to 2-3” long) with depressed veins. Leaves are pleasantly fragrant.
Easily grown in moist, fertile, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some part shade.
Ornamental ground cover. Annual flower for sunny areas of the landscape, beds & borders
Africa and Asia
Somalata, a divine plant which was used in Somayaga . This is twinning herb with tuberous roots. It looks almost leafless as the leaves are minute, in opposite pairs, very sparsely distributed in the bare stem. Leaves are small, fleshy and lance-shaped. Flowers are borne in few-flowered umbels. Flowers are large, goglet shaped, erect, beautifully variegated with yellow, green and purple. Mouth of the tube is much wider than other parts of the flowers. The united petals are light green in the lower half, dark green in the upper half.
Since time immemorial man has been using herbs to cure common maladies and he virtually adored plants which provided him with vigor, vitality and wisdom. The plant is used by various tribal communities in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and different other parts of India.
Suited for a warm and humid climate, this thrives best in a little shades sunlight and responds well to warmth. It requires water when the soil becomes dry to touch specially during growing season and during summers. Watering should be minimal during winters.